Abandoned villa Gorbachev on the Black Sea.

The Mussera rest house was conceived as a separate health-improving complex of multifunctional buildings in Abkhazia, intended primarily for therapeutic and preventive measures for members and candidate members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of the Soviet Union and personally Joseph Vissarionovich who arrived on vacation. On January 18, 1931, the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars adopted a corresponding resolution on construction.

Now, anyone can get into the territory of Stalin’s former dacha by paying a symbolic amount into the pocket of the guards, despite the fact that the territory is one of the official residences of the President of the Republic of Abkhazia, to which he sometimes comes. The object is guarded around the clock by the Abkhazian service of the GSO (an analogue of the Russian FSO), which let everyone into the object without exception.

Near the main building of Stalin’s dacha there is a swimming pool, a cinema hall, a commandant’s office and at the same time a hostel for security, a canteen, as well as a hostel for civilian personnel and technical buildings. Almost all of them are in a sad and neglected state inside, only one building out of a dozen can be considered functioning – this is the main house for Stalin, in which excursions are held once an hour, of course, for a fee.

Previously, it was a serious and secret object, which was guarded by the highest level. On the territory you can see many traces of the old alarm system, which was installed throughout the state villa.

Old motion sensors are all over the place. True, they have not been working for a long time and only spoil the surrounding picture.

What is interesting is that all of Stalin’s famous houses were painted green. Stalin’s main house in Musser is no exception. All this was done for the purpose of conspiracy, since from aerial photography the green color merged with the green array of trees.

The breed here, of course, is beautiful. Mussera was chosen for construction by government officials, as the climate in the reserve is warm and humid, subtropical. The average annual air temperature here is +15 degrees, which makes this place truly heavenly.


Unfortunately, after the collapse of the USSR, only skeletons remained of the buildings around Stalin’s dacha. Almost all of their filling was stolen and disappeared without a trace. All that was saved was beds, chairs and tables. They were dragged into the main house and are now shown for money to ordinary tourists, like old household items.

Let’s go back to history. In the spring of 1985, by order of the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, on the Black Sea coast, not far from the village of Myussera, construction began on a new state dacha for the new General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Mikhail Gorbachev.

An artificial estuary was dug near the dacha, which, according to rumors, was supposed to provide an approach to the house for a submarine. But all this, of course, is rumors and speculation. The truth is now known only to its creators.

Gorbachev’s new dacha was built here, on the territory of the former state dacha of Joseph Stalin, and received the name “Object Chaika-M”, state dacha No. 13 according to the nomenclature of the 9th Directorate of the KGB of the USSR.

By the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the main buildings of the new state dacha were completely ready, work continued only on the periphery.

Despite the fact that the cottage turned out to be five-story, only two floors are visible from the sea. It is officially known that the dacha is periodically used as the residence of the President of Abkhazia. And now not only anyone who wants to go on an excursion can get inside, but it is also quite legally allowed to rent apartments inside the cottage and spend the night in a luxury room for a tidy sum.

In addition to the completed facilities, there were ambitious projects on the territory, the construction of which was never completed. One of such unfinished objects on the periphery was a tunnel dug to the sea from tubing used in the construction of the metro, which went from the state dacha to the coast.

The tunnel is about 170 meters long and has two entrances. One entrance is located not far from the facility’s service personnel building, the other is located on a steep seashore.

This is the kind of building Gorbachev built for himself on the Black Sea coast, far from the main roads and prying eyes. Now all this greatness is falling apart unnecessarily.


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